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Ali Ahmed Bakathir

Ali Ahmed
Bakathir

One of the prominent Arab writers of the twentieth century and a pioneer in the field of theater literature.. wrote historical drama, exceptional poetry and novels.

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Ali Ahmed Bakathir was born in Indonesia in 1910 for Arab parents originally from Hadramout (Yemen). At the age of ten, Bakathir’s father insisted to take him back to Hadramout, where he lived and received his education. At an early age, Bakathir showed great brilliance in educational attainment and creativity. He composed poetry when he was younger than thirteen.

Bakathir moved around a lot. He lived in Aden, Hijaz, Somalia, and Abyssinia before settling down in Egypt. In Egyp in 1939t, he obtained his BA in the English Language at Fouad I University. He had strong contacts with great Egyptian thinkers and writers. He published his first theatrical work in Egypt, “Hammam in the Land of Ahqaf,” which he wrote earlier in the Hijaz in 1934.

The name Bakathir became associated with pioneers in the historical drama, and he participated strongly in the Egyptian cultural life as a poet, novelist, and in theater. Moreover, Bakathir was fluent in French, English, and Malay. In 1936 he translated Shakespeare’s play (Romeo and Juliet) from English literature into blank verse poetry, and two years later he composed his play (Akhenaten and Nefertiti) with free verse poetry which he became a pioneer in this poetic style.

Ali Ahmed Bakathir’s most famous work which gained fame and was turned into cinematic and theatrical works is Salama (1945). He published more work including Misar Juha (1952) a film directed by Ibrahim Emara, and it was originally a play in which he predicted the occupation of Palestine.

Bakathir has received many awards in Egypt, including the State Prize of Appreciation, shared equally with Naguib Mahfouz in 1962, the Ministry of Education Prize 1945 for the novel “Wa Islamah”.

On November 10, 1969, the great writer Ali Ahmed Bakathir passed away, at the age of 58, leaving behind dozens of works, including a group of manuscripts printed after his death.

May God have mercy on our great poet Ali Ahmed Bakathir

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Raufa Hassan

Raufa Hassan

The most influential figure in the career of Yemeni women and the prominent media figure on radio and television in the 1970s.

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Amat Al-Rauf Hassan Al-Sharqi known as Raufa was born on December 14, 1958, in Sanaa.  At the age of twelve, Raufa worked on children’s radio programs and then moved to the television industry at the beginning of its inauguration in Yemen back then. After that, she traveled to Cairo to continue her studies. Raufa came back later to work as the head of the investigations department in the official newspaper Al-Thawra in Yemen. 
After she finished her Ph.D., she entered the University of Sana’a and established the media Department there. She worked as a TV and Radio presenter and developer for women’s programs on Sanaa TV and Radio during the 1970s and 1980s. 

Dr. Raufa held various positions, including Deputy Head of the Technical Office at the Ministry of Media from 1984 to 1986, member of the International Women’s Union, Berlin 19-1991, member of the International Council of Women, London 91-1977, and many other positions.

She had many books and articles, including: loves me, does not love me, follows Gulf Twenty, Every Year Happy Eidiah. Her accomplishments did not stop there, but besides her proficiency in English and French, she was a permanent lecturer at many foreign universities.  She was known for her strong personality and clarity of the goals she was working for. 

she died in one of the hospitals in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, Wednesday morning, April 27, 2011. God rest her soul.

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Silver Crafting

Silver
Crafting

A handcraft dating back to ancient civilizations.. the art of modifying and creating designs of silver for everyday life.

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With the emergence of the ancient Yemeni civilizations, Ma’in, Saba, Himyar, Yemen abounded in the manufacture of jewelery and silverware, and it is called Al-Lujain in the language of Himyar and Arabs. Yemeni silver has gained Arab and international fame widely due to its beauty and accuracy of manufacture. Silver crafting is considered one of the original handcraft industries that reflect the civilized face of the country.

Shapes and motifs vary between geometric and jewelery. In every region in Yemen we find a special character in the manufacture of these silver pieces, between women’s necklaces, girls’ bracelets and youth rings. In addition to swords, janabi, daggers and lanterns.

Jewelry making begins by melting silver into a liquid that is poured into molds that are resistant to extreme temperatures, after which it is cooled by placing the mold on a surface of cold water to cool and agglomerate. After being hammered, it is formed as a wide and thin plate, which is cut and shaped according to the last desired shape.

The Jews of Yemen were among those who were famous for their craftsmanship in producing silver artifacts in the Arabian Peninsula between the 18th and the mid-20th centuries. This style was popularized by the use of fine grain and openwork trimmings on women’s bracelets, necklaces and crowns.

“Souq Almelh” is currently one of the most famous silver markets in old Sana’a. It is famous for the manufacture of old Arab rifles decorated with silver, Yemeni swords, and jewelry such as anklets, al-Masab, as well as khakles and boxes decorated with silver.

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Ahmed Fathi

Ahmed
Fathi

Artist and composer.. He received a master’s degree from the Higher Institute of Arab Music about “The Roles of Oud in Yemeni Songs”

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The musician Ahmed Fathi was born in the city of Hodeidah in 1959, where he received his education in it, then he moved to study at the Higher Institute of Arab Music in Cairo in 1973 AD and obtained a diploma in music, then a bachelor’s degree in 1980 AD and a master’s degree in 1998 AD..
He released his first album at the age of twelve .. He performed in a number of concerts in many countries; He became famous through it, and a number of technical companies recorded a large number of his songs.
He composed for a number of singers; Among them are, Abu Bakr Salem Balfakih, Samira Said and Wadih Al-Safi, and the Egyptian Opera House commissioned him to compose the opera “Children of the World”, in which a number of Arab artists participated, and it was presented in the year 1998 AD. As for the lyrics, he dealt with a number of poets. Among them are Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Maqaleh, the poet Mahmoud Al-Hajj, and the late poet Ibrahim Sadiq and Abdullah Hadi Sbait and others.
In his career, he won many awards, including the best oud player from the Higher Institute of Arab Music in Cairo. He was also awarded the Medal of the Higher National Institute for Advanced Technology in Paris in 1993 AD, and he also obtained the golden statue at the “Oscar International Video Clip” festival in Alexandria in 2001 AD.
Throughout his long artistic career, Ahmed Fathi presented dozens of works of art, and he composed many of the musical performances he performed in several music festivals and national and international occasions with several solo plays on the oud instrument at times, and at other times accompanying the orchestra … most notably “Sakura” and “Love and Peace” “” The Angelic Spirit, “” The Immortal River, “and many others.
May God protect Professor Ahmed Fathi and prolong his life …

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Mutahir Al-Eryani

Mutahir
Al-Eryani

A poet and a historian who could read the Ancient Musnad Script which was used in the era of the Ḥimyari Kingdom.

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Mutahir Bin Ali Al-Eryani is a poet, author, and historian who was born in 1933 in the fort “Riman” in the “Al Qafr” division, Ibb governorate. He was first educated by some of the educated elders “Sheikh” in his family. Later, he received his education from his older brother Fadl Al-Iryani, may Allah have mercy on him.
Al-Iryani began his career in poetry at an early age. He wrote his first poem at the age of fourteen and it was published in the “Al-Nasir” newspaper in Taiz,1951. He wrote many contemporary literary poems, and many of his poems were transformed into songs, such as “Love and Coffee” (Al-Bala), (Dangerous Ghosn Al-Qana). These songs were sung by famous Yemeni singers, for example, Ali Abdullah Al-Suma and Ali Bin Ali Al-Ansi.

Al-Iryani read and mastered the Ancient South Arabian script (Musnad) in his teens and he is considered to be one of the few people of his time who managed to understand and decipher these ancient scripts. His literary and historical works were an important contribution to the Yemeni heritage. An example of that is “Shams al-Ulum”, which is considered to be one of the most distinguished books of ancient Yemeni history.

Al-Iryani died on February 9, 2016, at the age of 84 years, may Allah Almighty have mercy on him.

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Tasabih

Tasabih

Ramadani supplication recited in Sana’a City and the suburbs to alert people that Fajir Azan is getting proximate.

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O Allah who raised the heavens without any pillars and extended the earth on a frozen water
O Allah who created the creatures and enumerated them … far be it, my lord, that you forget someone
There is a variety of supplication that precedes Fajir’s prayer. The previously mentioned ones attributed to Raba’a Adawiya May Allah have mercy on her soul are the most well known.
It all started with Al-Maseharati, who used to wake people up for suhoor by calling for Allah praises to signal that it soon to be called for Fajir’s prayer, with time these supplications were set to be called through speakers at Masajid.
At that time, it was popular that it was performed by chanters and readers with beautiful voices. The most famous of them was the late chanter Abd al-Rahman al-Hillili, one of the earliest chanters the chanting art scene had known in Yemen in the last century.
Notably, these supplications are still chanted at the masjids to this day.

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Wrega

Wrega

Wrega comes by the end of the Holy Month where kids pay tributes for the Mufallih (The people’s waker) in an old folkloric Ramadani celebration!.

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Toddlers and children celebrate with Masharati in Hadhramaut at the end of the holy month, in a popular folk tradition in Hadramaat known as Al-Warika or Shamiya … The drum beats and children sing their songs in honor of the efforts of Al-Musharrat (Al-Mufleh) for waking up the people to have their food before Athan AlFajr everyday.
The applause intensifies and the celebration cries grow louder .. The girls hit the “Maraqiues” (The clapping stage) and the boys with their hands to revive the atmosphere of joy .. Everyone walks behind Al-Mufleh carrying the Haier (drum), passing through the streets and alleys singing the children (Warija are you up? Warija from where did you come?!) and some other songs.
It usually takes place on the morning of the twenty-eighth, and it has other names, such as “Shamiya” in the coast, and “Al-Warija” in Wadi Hadramout.
The idea of ​​Al-Wariqah aims to honor Al-Masharati for his efforts during the holy month, as the people provide corn, wheat and rice grains and give to those who are responsible for serving during Ramadan.
Blessed Ramadan and may Allah accept all your good deeds.

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Muhammad AlQuraiti

Muhammad AlQuraiti

First Quran Reciter of Sanaa Radio, 1947. He was a profound Arabic linguist and his voice is linked to Ramadan, especially before breaking the fast.

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Muhammad Hussein al-Quraiti, he was born in Sana’a as an orphan in 1922 CE in the same year that his father passed away.  He studied at Al-Muftoon School in Sanaa and then at the Great Mosque.  He was educated by several sheikhs (scholars), the most important of whom was the scholar Hussein bin Mubarak Al-Ghaithi, may God have mercy on him.

  He graduated from the Qur’an loops, acquainted with the seven recitations, and proficient in the sciences of the Arabic language. He frequently visited Mecca during the seasons of Hajj and became famous for it where pilgrims from different countries were listening to his beautiful recitation.  In 1947, Radio Sana’a was inaugurated, and Sheikh Al-Quraiti was its first reciter, so it was the credited one that preserving his rare recitation through its records. He was also her first language reference due to his knowledge of the language and its origins.

 Sanaa Radio was uniquely remained on transmitting Quranic recitations of the Al-Quariti reciter annually before eating Al-Iftar in Ramadan from 1947 until about the current century, making his voice inherent in the Iftar of Yemen in Ramadan.

During the recent years, new local radio stations were launched on a large scale not only in Sana’a, but also in various Yemeni governorates, but they also still transmit to their listeners the recitations of the reciter and Al-Hafiz Muhammad bin Hussein Al-Quraiti.

  The Hafiz and the reciter died in Sana’a in 1962, may God have mercy on him, and made him dwell in peace.

   This is how Yemen used to be, and so was our Ramadan.

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Abdullah al-Baradouni

Abdullah
Al-Baradouni

The Poetry and Literature Icon, he was known as “The Seer Observer”. He had a deep insight through which he recounted the reality with the impartiality that preceded his time.

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The Poetry and Literature Icon, he was known as “The Seer Observer”. He had a deep insight through which he recounted the reality with the impartiality that preceded his time.  And the ugliest victory … is the victory of the powerful without Apprehend…  but apprehend how much they sold … and how much they earned.

Written by the poet and literary critic, historian, and teacher … Abdullah Saleh Hassan Al-Shahf Al-Baradouni… The prolific poet was born in 1929 in the village of Baradon in Dhamar Province. He lost his sight at the age of six because of smallpox disease, but he emerged among the best contemporary poets in Yemen and the Arab world for being one of the conservatives of the Arabic poem.

He completed the memorization of the Quran in his childhood and was imprisoned in the era of Imam Ahmad Hamid Al-Din because of his struggle against reactionary and dictatorship. His books dealt with political issues related to his country, most notably the conflict between the republican and monarchical regime that fell after the revolution of 26 September 1962. His poems tended to be ridicule and elegiac, and he relied on Classical Arabic for most of his work.

Of his poetical works are “Land Of Balqis”, “In The Way Of Dawn” and “The City of Tomorrow” among other rich literacy work.

The iconic poet Abdullah Saleh Hassan Al-Baradouni died on August 30, 1999. May God’s mercy be upon him.

Yemen used to be, and as such were our poets.

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Mesa’ed and Mesa’ada

Mesa’ed and Mesa’ada

A radio talk show that discusses societal and cultural issues. It was first aired in Sana’a Radio in 1988.

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Mesa’ed and Mesa’ada, the pleasant memories of the past, voices that our ears got used to, and characters that resided in memory. It all started in 1988 when Abdul Rahman al-Mutahar or as he used to be called “ Baba Abdul Rahman” along with Habiba Mohammad presented the well-known radio program “ Mesa’ed and Mesa’ada” in which they discussed many societal and cultural issues in the community, with an amusing comedic style.

What made this program stands out and last for many years, is its simplicity in presenting topics in the Yemeni colloquial, specifically using the Sana’ani accent. This made the characters relatable and close to listeners’ hearts, and so every day they tune in with anticipation and excitement for a new episode on the radio. The concept of the program is based on a dialogue between the husband and the wife addressing the community’s concerns. Debating the positives and the negatives to correct common society’s misconceptions in some matters and urging a positive change for the benefit of people. This style made the audience more accepting and created a very life-like atmosphere. The show was also part of an awareness campaign under the UNICEF against the six childhood diseases.

It is worth noting that the theme song shifted interest into social work and family bonding, “The wife is the home, the seeds have grown, tell Masada (the wife) to be a great homemaker / to raise the children well and praise Allah / to cheer Mesa’ed and comfort him /The wife is the home, the seeds have grown.” The meaning of this song is to advise the wife, whose name is Mesa’ada to be wise in managing the household and to take care of her children in a manner that was discussed in the context of their daily episodes.

The personality Mesa’ed was played by the great journalist, Abdul Rahman Mutahar, who is one of the most established broadcasters in Yemen. He joined Sanaa Radio four months after the September Revolution. He worked as a brilliant news editor, broadcaster, and famous artist, as well as a poet and writer. He won the Distinction Award for Arab’s Childhood Service in 1996. He also held several positions on the radio and was later appointed as a consultant at Sana’a Capital Secretariat for Culture and Art Affairs. As for the character of Mesa’ada, it was given to the anchor, Habiba Muhammad, who worked on creating a kinship with illiterate women at that time. May Allah rest his soul, Uncle Abdul-Rahman Mutahar, and may Allah protect and prolong the life of mother Habiba Muhammad and give her health and wellness.

Yemen used to be, and as such were its voices!

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