نادي الفنون في عدن _ جميل غانم

Jamil Ghanem Institute

Jamil Ghanem Institute

A pioneer art institute in the Arabian Peninsula that contributed to the creation of an artistic and cultural movement in the Seventies. It was founded by the musician Jamil Ghanem.


Jamil Othman Ahmed Ghanem, born on January 5th, 1941 AD, started his career as a teacher and moved between schools in Aden until he joined the academic study in Iraq, where he specialized in the Oud instrument in 1963. After his return from Iraq, he worked in research and contributed to the presentation of many researches and studies on music, where he presented a comprehensive study of the oud under the title (The melodies of the oud, creaks of heaven’s door).

Beginning of the year 1973 AD, the Institute of Music was opened in Mualla, which aimed to qualify talented musicians who play according to the sense of hearing without theoretical or practical knowledge of the principles of music. This idea was then supported by the Minister of Culture, Professor Abdullah Badeeb.

Through the support of the Minister of Culture, musical study programs were established and its objectives and method of functioning were defined. And Jamil Ghanem was assigned to head the institute. Ghanem participated in teaching various subjects related to the Oud instrument, the principles of music, and related theoretical and practical aspects so that the artists’ performance of songs is based on organized scientific foundations.

The institute is considered one of the bright symbols in the history of the Yemeni artistic and cultural movement, and it is considered one of the first institutes in the Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula. Its importance lies in its teaching of oriental music and its interest in classical Arabic singing, such as muwashahat, maqamat, and folk singing, which those responsible have contributed to the rise of art in Yemeni society and to spread awareness of the importance of arts since its foundation.

Musician Jamil Ghanem, may God have mercy on him, passed away on September 1st, 1990, and the “Jamil Ghanem” Institute is still open until now.

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Ali Ahmed Bakathir

Ali Ahmed

One of the prominent Arab writers of the twentieth century and a pioneer in the field of theater literature.. wrote historical drama, exceptional poetry and novels.


Ali Ahmed Bakathir was born in Indonesia in 1910 for Arab parents originally from Hadramout (Yemen). At the age of ten, Bakathir’s father insisted to take him back to Hadramout, where he lived and received his education. At an early age, Bakathir showed great brilliance in educational attainment and creativity. He composed poetry when he was younger than thirteen.

Bakathir moved around a lot. He lived in Aden, Hijaz, Somalia, and Abyssinia before settling down in Egypt. In Egyp in 1939t, he obtained his BA in the English Language at Fouad I University. He had strong contacts with great Egyptian thinkers and writers. He published his first theatrical work in Egypt, “Hammam in the Land of Ahqaf,” which he wrote earlier in the Hijaz in 1934.

The name Bakathir became associated with pioneers in the historical drama, and he participated strongly in the Egyptian cultural life as a poet, novelist, and in theater. Moreover, Bakathir was fluent in French, English, and Malay. In 1936 he translated Shakespeare’s play (Romeo and Juliet) from English literature into blank verse poetry, and two years later he composed his play (Akhenaten and Nefertiti) with free verse poetry which he became a pioneer in this poetic style.

Ali Ahmed Bakathir’s most famous work which gained fame and was turned into cinematic and theatrical works is Salama (1945). He published more work including Misar Juha (1952) a film directed by Ibrahim Emara, and it was originally a play in which he predicted the occupation of Palestine.

Bakathir has received many awards in Egypt, including the State Prize of Appreciation, shared equally with Naguib Mahfouz in 1962, the Ministry of Education Prize 1945 for the novel “Wa Islamah”.

On November 10, 1969, the great writer Ali Ahmed Bakathir passed away, at the age of 58, leaving behind dozens of works, including a group of manuscripts printed after his death.

May God have mercy on our great poet Ali Ahmed Bakathir

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Raufa Hassan

Raufa Hassan

The most influential figure in the career of Yemeni women and the prominent media figure on radio and television in the 1970s.

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Amat Al-Rauf Hassan Al-Sharqi known as Raufa was born on December 14, 1958, in Sanaa.  At the age of twelve, Raufa worked on children’s radio programs and then moved to the television industry at the beginning of its inauguration in Yemen back then. After that, she traveled to Cairo to continue her studies. Raufa came back later to work as the head of the investigations department in the official newspaper Al-Thawra in Yemen. 
After she finished her Ph.D., she entered the University of Sana’a and established the media Department there. She worked as a TV and Radio presenter and developer for women’s programs on Sanaa TV and Radio during the 1970s and 1980s. 

Dr. Raufa held various positions, including Deputy Head of the Technical Office at the Ministry of Media from 1984 to 1986, member of the International Women’s Union, Berlin 19-1991, member of the International Council of Women, London 91-1977, and many other positions.

She had many books and articles, including: loves me, does not love me, follows Gulf Twenty, Every Year Happy Eidiah. Her accomplishments did not stop there, but besides her proficiency in English and French, she was a permanent lecturer at many foreign universities.  She was known for her strong personality and clarity of the goals she was working for. 

she died in one of the hospitals in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, Wednesday morning, April 27, 2011. God rest her soul.

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Silver Crafting


A handcraft dating back to ancient civilizations.. the art of modifying and creating designs of silver for everyday life.


With the emergence of the ancient Yemeni civilizations, Ma’in, Saba, Himyar, Yemen abounded in the manufacture of jewelery and silverware, and it is called Al-Lujain in the language of Himyar and Arabs. Yemeni silver has gained Arab and international fame widely due to its beauty and accuracy of manufacture. Silver crafting is considered one of the original handcraft industries that reflect the civilized face of the country.

Shapes and motifs vary between geometric and jewelery. In every region in Yemen we find a special character in the manufacture of these silver pieces, between women’s necklaces, girls’ bracelets and youth rings. In addition to swords, janabi, daggers and lanterns.

Jewelry making begins by melting silver into a liquid that is poured into molds that are resistant to extreme temperatures, after which it is cooled by placing the mold on a surface of cold water to cool and agglomerate. After being hammered, it is formed as a wide and thin plate, which is cut and shaped according to the last desired shape.

The Jews of Yemen were among those who were famous for their craftsmanship in producing silver artifacts in the Arabian Peninsula between the 18th and the mid-20th centuries. This style was popularized by the use of fine grain and openwork trimmings on women’s bracelets, necklaces and crowns.

“Souq Almelh” is currently one of the most famous silver markets in old Sana’a. It is famous for the manufacture of old Arab rifles decorated with silver, Yemeni swords, and jewelry such as anklets, al-Masab, as well as khakles and boxes decorated with silver.

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Ahmed Fathi


Artist and composer.. He received a master’s degree from the Higher Institute of Arab Music about “The Roles of Oud in Yemeni Songs”

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The musician Ahmed Fathi was born in the city of Hodeidah in 1959, where he received his education in it, then he moved to study at the Higher Institute of Arab Music in Cairo in 1973 AD and obtained a diploma in music, then a bachelor’s degree in 1980 AD and a master’s degree in 1998 AD..
He released his first album at the age of twelve .. He performed in a number of concerts in many countries; He became famous through it, and a number of technical companies recorded a large number of his songs.
He composed for a number of singers; Among them are, Abu Bakr Salem Balfakih, Samira Said and Wadih Al-Safi, and the Egyptian Opera House commissioned him to compose the opera “Children of the World”, in which a number of Arab artists participated, and it was presented in the year 1998 AD. As for the lyrics, he dealt with a number of poets. Among them are Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Maqaleh, the poet Mahmoud Al-Hajj, and the late poet Ibrahim Sadiq and Abdullah Hadi Sbait and others.
In his career, he won many awards, including the best oud player from the Higher Institute of Arab Music in Cairo. He was also awarded the Medal of the Higher National Institute for Advanced Technology in Paris in 1993 AD, and he also obtained the golden statue at the “Oscar International Video Clip” festival in Alexandria in 2001 AD.
Throughout his long artistic career, Ahmed Fathi presented dozens of works of art, and he composed many of the musical performances he performed in several music festivals and national and international occasions with several solo plays on the oud instrument at times, and at other times accompanying the orchestra … most notably “Sakura” and “Love and Peace” “” The Angelic Spirit, “” The Immortal River, “and many others.
May God protect Professor Ahmed Fathi and prolong his life …

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Mutahir Al-Eryani


A poet and a historian who could read the Ancient Musnad Script which was used in the era of the Ḥimyari Kingdom.

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Mutahir Bin Ali Al-Eryani is a poet, author, and historian who was born in 1933 in the fort “Riman” in the “Al Qafr” division, Ibb governorate. He was first educated by some of the educated elders “Sheikh” in his family. Later, he received his education from his older brother Fadl Al-Iryani, may Allah have mercy on him.
Al-Iryani began his career in poetry at an early age. He wrote his first poem at the age of fourteen and it was published in the “Al-Nasir” newspaper in Taiz,1951. He wrote many contemporary literary poems, and many of his poems were transformed into songs, such as “Love and Coffee” (Al-Bala), (Dangerous Ghosn Al-Qana). These songs were sung by famous Yemeni singers, for example, Ali Abdullah Al-Suma and Ali Bin Ali Al-Ansi.

Al-Iryani read and mastered the Ancient South Arabian script (Musnad) in his teens and he is considered to be one of the few people of his time who managed to understand and decipher these ancient scripts. His literary and historical works were an important contribution to the Yemeni heritage. An example of that is “Shams al-Ulum”, which is considered to be one of the most distinguished books of ancient Yemeni history.

Al-Iryani died on February 9, 2016, at the age of 84 years, may Allah Almighty have mercy on him.

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Ramadani supplication recited in Sana’a City and the suburbs to alert people that Fajir Azan is getting proximate.

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O Allah who raised the heavens without any pillars and extended the earth on a frozen water
O Allah who created the creatures and enumerated them … far be it, my lord, that you forget someone
There is a variety of supplication that precedes Fajir’s prayer. The previously mentioned ones attributed to Raba’a Adawiya May Allah have mercy on her soul are the most well known.
It all started with Al-Maseharati, who used to wake people up for suhoor by calling for Allah praises to signal that it soon to be called for Fajir’s prayer, with time these supplications were set to be called through speakers at Masajid.
At that time, it was popular that it was performed by chanters and readers with beautiful voices. The most famous of them was the late chanter Abd al-Rahman al-Hillili, one of the earliest chanters the chanting art scene had known in Yemen in the last century.
Notably, these supplications are still chanted at the masjids to this day.

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Wrega comes by the end of the Holy Month where kids pay tributes for the Mufallih (The people’s waker) in an old folkloric Ramadani celebration!.


Toddlers and children celebrate with Masharati in Hadhramaut at the end of the holy month, in a popular folk tradition in Hadramaat known as Al-Warika or Shamiya … The drum beats and children sing their songs in honor of the efforts of Al-Musharrat (Al-Mufleh) for waking up the people to have their food before Athan AlFajr everyday.
The applause intensifies and the celebration cries grow louder .. The girls hit the “Maraqiues” (The clapping stage) and the boys with their hands to revive the atmosphere of joy .. Everyone walks behind Al-Mufleh carrying the Haier (drum), passing through the streets and alleys singing the children (Warija are you up? Warija from where did you come?!) and some other songs.
It usually takes place on the morning of the twenty-eighth, and it has other names, such as “Shamiya” in the coast, and “Al-Warija” in Wadi Hadramout.
The idea of ​​Al-Wariqah aims to honor Al-Masharati for his efforts during the holy month, as the people provide corn, wheat and rice grains and give to those who are responsible for serving during Ramadan.
Blessed Ramadan and may Allah accept all your good deeds.

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المقرئ القريطي

Muhammad AlQuraiti

Muhammad AlQuraiti

First Quran Reciter of Sanaa Radio, 1947. He was a profound Arabic linguist and his voice is linked to Ramadan, especially before breaking the fast.

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Muhammad Hussein al-Quraiti, he was born in Sana’a as an orphan in 1922 CE in the same year that his father passed away.  He studied at Al-Muftoon School in Sanaa and then at the Great Mosque.  He was educated by several sheikhs (scholars), the most important of whom was the scholar Hussein bin Mubarak Al-Ghaithi, may God have mercy on him.

  He graduated from the Qur’an loops, acquainted with the seven recitations, and proficient in the sciences of the Arabic language. He frequently visited Mecca during the seasons of Hajj and became famous for it where pilgrims from different countries were listening to his beautiful recitation.  In 1947, Radio Sana’a was inaugurated, and Sheikh Al-Quraiti was its first reciter, so it was the credited one that preserving his rare recitation through its records. He was also her first language reference due to his knowledge of the language and its origins.

 Sanaa Radio was uniquely remained on transmitting Quranic recitations of the Al-Quariti reciter annually before eating Al-Iftar in Ramadan from 1947 until about the current century, making his voice inherent in the Iftar of Yemen in Ramadan.

During the recent years, new local radio stations were launched on a large scale not only in Sana’a, but also in various Yemeni governorates, but they also still transmit to their listeners the recitations of the reciter and Al-Hafiz Muhammad bin Hussein Al-Quraiti.

  The Hafiz and the reciter died in Sana’a in 1962, may God have mercy on him, and made him dwell in peace.

   This is how Yemen used to be, and so was our Ramadan.

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Ahmad Qassem

Ahmad Qassem

The pioneering musical reformer of the contemporary Yemeni song and first to introduce modern musical instruments to the Yemeni tune.

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The distinguished musician and composer Ahmed bin Ahmed Qassem was born in the city of Aden on March 11, 1938. His passion and love for music developed since he was young. He studied many types of musical arts and was influenced by Adani artistic colloquy.

He joined the Higher Institute of Music in Egypt in 1956, where he obtained his diploma in 1960. Later, he returned to Aden and founded a musical band called (Ahmad Qassem’s renewal Band). He presented variety of styles , which included Adenian modern color, as in his songs (Ya Eaybah), (Mustahil), and (Huqul Alban), and also included a folkloric trend like his song (Min Aleadin).

In terms of national songs, he presented a number of songs, the most famous of which is “With all my heart, I love you, my country, Yemen”.  Qassem renewed the song’s structure in Aden and tried to develop it to match the most prevalent lyrics’ pattern in central Arab countries such as Egypt and Al Sham.

In addition to singing, Qassem tried acting and starred in the movie “My Love in Cairo” with the actress Zizi Al-Badrawi, which was shown in 1966 and directed by Adel Sadiq and produced by Ahmed bin Ahmed Qassem himself.  The great musician passed away near the city of Dhamar in a traffic accident on April 1, 1993. After he presented his masterpieces to the Yemeni art, which Yemenis remember and sing to this day.

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